Age- and Cause-Specific Components of Recent Life Expectancy Improvements in Croatia, Serbia and Slovenia

Aleša Lotrič Dolinar, Ivan Čipin, Petra Međimurec, Jelena Stojilković Gnjatović, Jože Sambt


All ex-Yugoslav countries experienced improvements in life expectancy during the last few decades. This study describes and
compares recent life expectancy trends in Croatia, Serbia and
Slovenia. What age groups and what causes of death account
for the largest mortality declines? Have the three countries joined
the cardiovascular revolution? Do patterns differ between countries? And, is there room for further improvements? We use life
tables and decomposition methods to address these questions.
Our key findings are: 1) lower mortality from circulatory diseases
at older ages contributed most to life expectancy growth 2001–
2017 for both sexes in all three countries; 2) despite this common pattern, life expectancy in Slovenia grew fastest and the
gap between countries increased; 3) under the Slovenian age-
-specific cardiovascular mortality schedule, Croatia added 1.79
years to both female and male life expectancies, while Serbia
added 3.97 and 3.26 to female and male life expectancies.


life expectancy; age- and cause-specific mortality; past and potential gains in life expectancy; decomposition analysis; ex-Yugoslav countries

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Copyright (c) 2020 Jelena Stojilković Gnjatović, Petra Međimurec, Ivan Čipin, Aleša Lotrič Dolinar, Jože Sambt

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Print ISSN 1330-0288 | Online ISSN 1848-6096