Effects of Poverty on the Level of Food Security in Countries of the Former Yugoslavia

Mina Kovljenić, Jovana Škorić

Abstract


This paper examines factors that affect the level of food
security in the former Yugoslavia (Serbia, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro and
Macedonia). The data on the basis of which the research
was carried out were collected from the national statistics
and the database of the World Bank for the period
2006–2018, and as a statistical method, the multivariant
analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used. The results
obtained indicate that there is a statistically significant
correlation between the gross domestic product per capita
($), growth of urban population, growth of rural population,
percentage of undernourished population and poverty rate.
Differences between countries in terms of these factors
indicate the level of food security.

Keywords


food security; poverty; sustainable development; economic indicators; demographic indicators

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