Tobacco Consumption, Alcohol Intake Frequency and Quality of Life: Results from a Nationally Representative Croatian Sample Study

Ljiljana Kaliterna-Lipovčan, Tihana Brkljačić, Maja Tadić


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships
between tobacco and alcohol consumption and several
subjective quality of life indicators in a nationally representative
sample of Croatian adults (N = 4721). The study used a
single cross-sectional design, and was conducted within the
project Substance abuse among the general population of the
Republic of Croatia. The data was gathered via face-to-face
interviews. While controlling for gender, income and age, the
analyses showed a weak, but stable trend of higher QOL
among non-smokers than smokers and ex-smokers, and
among people who drink occasionally (a few times per month)
in comparison to those who drink more often. The results also
revealed that, when compared to less frequent alcohol
consumers, in the most frequent alcohol consumers group
(four times per week or more), those who drink in order to
conform to social pressure or to cope with problems are likely
to have low quality of life. These findings are discussed within
relevant theoretical frameworks.


tobacco and alcohol consumption; quality of life; well-being; motivation for alcohol consumption

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Print ISSN 1330-0288 | Online ISSN 1848-6096