Masculinity and Uncertainty Avoidance as Instruments for Cultural Intelligence Development

Davor Vlajčić, Ana Liović


This paper shows how students' perception on the
dominance of masculinity values and uncertainty avoidance
characteristics relates with the level of students' cultural
intelligence. In order to examine the phenomena, the
research was conducted on a sample of 146 exchange
programme students (ERASMUS exchange programme). The
results indicate a positive and significant correlation between
the variables uncertainty avoidance and determinants of
cultural intelligence. Furthermore, the obtained results
indicate a negative correlation between students' perception
on dominance of masculinity values and metacognitive and
motivational cultural intelligence, while relationships with
cognitive and behavioural cultural intelligence were
statistically non-significant. The results of this study can help
teachers, researchers, and economic and social policy
makers to build educational models that will help students
develop an awareness of cultural disparities. As a result,
individuals will be able to focus their efforts on developing
and shaping the individual mental dimensions necessary for
successful adaptation to the international environment.


cultural intelligence; masculinity; uncertainty; students; expatriates

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Print ISSN 1330-0288 | Online ISSN 1848-6096