Comparative Analysis of Demographic Transition Processes in Ukraine and Croatia and Recent Refugee Waves

Monika Komušanac


The comparative analysis established the similarity of the
demographic transition processes in Ukraine and Croatia as
a consequence of the specific historical, social and economic
conditions of development within the former state
communities. Consideration of post-transition characteristics
and demographic heritage confirmed the comparability of
modern demographic characteristics and processes of these two countries.
The recent geopolitical situation in Eastern Europe related to the Russian aggression on Ukraine has
caused intensified forced relocations of the population in
Ukraine and Europe in the context of exile and refugee
movements. The main sources of migration waves, the
directions and intensity of certain forms of forced (war)
migration to and from the territory of Ukraine are defined. In
addition to the increased spatial mobility of the population
(both internal and external) and direct demographic losses,
other demographic consequences will be visible with a
delayed effect, and after the end of the war in Ukraine.


Croatia; refugees; forced migration; displaced persons; transition; Ukraine

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